[IE] Integrative Ecology Lab

Laboratoire d'écologie intégrative



In review

  1. Brousseau, P.-M., D. Gravel, and T. I. Handa. 2016. On the development of a functional trait approach for terrestrial arthropods. Bibtex
  2. Talluto, M., I. Boulangeat, S. Vissault, W. Thuiller, and D. Gravel. 2016. Extinction debt and colonization credit delay range shifts of eastern North American trees. Bibtex
  3. Nenzen, H., E. Filotas, P. Peres-Neto, and D. Gravel. 2016. Epidemiological models reproduce cyclic insect outbreaks. Bibtex
  4. Massol, F., M. Dubart, V. Calcagno, K. Cazelles, C. Jacquet, S. Kéfi, and D. Gravel. 2016. Island biogeography of spatially structured food webs. Bibtex
  5. Jacquet, C., D. Mouillot, M. Kulbicki, and D. Gravel. 2016. Allometric and trophic island biogeography predict the scaling of body-size distribution with area and isolation. Bibtex
  6. Gounand, I., T. Daufresne, D. Gravel, C. Bouvier, T. Bouvier, M. Combe, C. Gougat-Barbera, F. Poly, C. Torres-Barcelo, and N. Mouquet. 2016. Evolving competition strategies in microorganisms: the growth rate hypothesis versus cell size adaptation to resource variability. Bibtex
  7. Godsoe, W., J. Jankowski, R. D. Holt, and D. Gravel. 2016. Integrating biogeography and community ecology with niche theory. Bibtex
  8. Carscadden, K. A., M. E. Afkhami, C. A. Arnillas, M. W. Cadotte, N. C. Emery, D. Gravel, S. W. Livingstone, and J. J. Wiens. 2016. Broadening the horizons of niche breadth research. Bibtex
  9. Brousseau, P.-M., D. Gravel, and T. I. Handa. 2016. On the development of a functional trait approach for terrestrial arthropods. Bibtex
  10. Brousseau, P. M., D. Gravel, and T. I. Handa. 2016. Trait-matching and phylogeny as predictors of predator-prey interactions involving ground beetles. Bibtex
  11. Boulangeat, I., T. Daufresne, M. Leblong, J.-C. Svenning, and D. Gravel. 2016. The transient response of ecosystems to climate change is amplified by top-down trophic interactions. Bibtex
  12. Baiser, B., T. Poisot, N. D. Martinez, J. Dunne, S. A. Wood, and D. Gravel. 2016. The macroecology of food webs. Bibtex
  13. Ameztegui, A., A. Paquette, M. Heym, C. Messier, and D. Gravel. 2016. Shade tolerance mediates the functional trait-demography relationship in temperate and boreal forests. Bibtex
  14. Ametzgui, A., K. A. Solarik, J. R. Parkins, D. Houle, C. Messier, and D. Gravel. 2016. Previous experiences and political views drive perceptions on climate change impacts in the Canadian forest sector. Bibtex
  15. Albouy, C., P. Archamabult, W. Appeltans, M. B. Araujo, K. Cazelles, A. R. Cirtwill, M.-J. Fortin, N. Galizana Ibanez, S. J. Leroux, L. Pelissier, T. Poisot, D. Stouffer, S. A. Wood, and D. Gravel. 2016. The marine food web is globally connected. Bibtex

In press

  1. Parrain, E., D. Gravel, R. Rohr, L. F. Bersier, and S. M. Gray. 2016. Mismatch in food webs: a common garden experiment reveals local-adaptation of consumers but not of prey. Bibtex
  2. Aussenac, R., Y. Bergeron, C. Ghotsa-Mekontchou, D. Gravel, K. Pilch, and I. Drobyshev. 2016. Intraspecific variability in growth response to environmental fluctuations modulates the stabilizing effect of species diversity on forest growth. Bibtex
  3. Jacquet, C., C. Moritz, L. Morissette, P. Legagneux, P. Archambault, and D. Gravel. 2016. No complexity-stability relationship in natural ecosystems. Bibtex
  4. Gravel, D., F. Massol, and M. Leibold. 2016. Stability and complexity of model metaecosystems. Bibtex
  5. Canard, E., N. Mouquet, D. Gravel, T. Poisot, B. R. Krasnov, R. Poulin, and D. Mouillot. 2016. Simple rules predict the biogeography of species interactions. Bibtex
  6. Leroux, S. J., D. Gravel, A.-S. Lafuite, B. Rayfield, S. Wang, and C. H. Albert. 2016. A statistical framework to model the consequences of habitat loss and fragmentation on biodiversity. Bibtex DOI




  1. Fournier, B., N. Mouquet, M. A. Leibold, and D. Gravel. 2016. An integrative framework of coexistence mechanisms in competitive metacommunities. Ecography (Cop.). PDF Bibtex DOI
  2. Zurell, D., W. Thuiller, J. Pagel, J. S Cabral, T. Münkemüller, D. Gravel, S. Dullinger, S. Normand, K. H. Schiffers, K. A. Moore, and N. E. Zimmermann. 2016. Benchmarking novel approaches for modelling species range dynamics. Glob. Chang. Biol.:n/a–n/a. PDF Bibtex DOI
  3. Talluto, M. V., I. Boulangeat, A. Ameztegui, I. Aubin, D. Berteaux, A. Butler, F. Doyon, C. R. Drever, M. J. Fortin, T. Franceschini, J. Liénard, D. Mckenney, K. A. Solarik, N. Strigul, W. Thuiller, and D. Gravel. 2016. Cross-scale integration of knowledge for predicting species ranges: A metamodelling framework. Glob. Ecol. Biogeogr. 25:238–249. PDF Bibtex DOI
  4. Zander, A., D. Gravel, L. F. Bersier, and S. M. Gray. 2016. Top predators affect the composition of naive protist communities, but only in their early-successional stage. Oecologia 180:519–528. PDF Bibtex DOI
  5. Gravel, D., C. Albouy, and W. Thuiller. 2016. The meaning of functional trait composition of food webs for ecosystem functioning. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. B Biol. Sci. 371:20150268. PDF Bibtex DOI
  6. Solarik, K. A., D. Gravel, A. Ameztegui, Y. Bergeron, and C. Messier. 2016. Assessing tree germination resilience to global warming: a manipulative experiment using sugar maple (Acer saccharum). Seed Sci. Res.:1–12. PDF Bibtex DOI
  7. Gounand, I., S. Kéfi, N. Mouquet, and D. Gravel. 2016. Trait selection during food web assembly : the roles of interactions and temperature. Theor. Ecol. PDF Bibtex DOI
  8. Cazelles, K., M. B. Araújo, N. Mouquet, and D. Gravel. 2016. A theory for species co-occurrence in interaction networks. Theor. Ecol. 9:39–48. PDF Bibtex DOI
  9. Gravel, D., B. Baiser, J. A. Dune, J.-P. Kopelke, N. D. Martinez, T. Nyman, T. Poisot, D. B. Stouffer, J. M. Tylianakis, S. A. Wood, and T. Roslin. 2016. Bringing Elton and Grinnell together: a quantitative framework to represent the biogeography of ecological interaction networks. bioRxiv. Bibtex DOI
  10. Nguyen, N. H., L. J. Williams, J. B. Vincent, A. Stefanski, J. Cavender-Bares, C. Messier, A. Paquette, D. Gravel, P. B. Reich, and P. G. Kennedy. 2016. Ectomycorrhizal fungal diversity and saprotrophic fungal diversity are linked to different tree community attributes in a field-based tree experiment. Mol. Ecol. 25:4032–4046. Bibtex DOI


  1. Bartomeus, I., D. Gravel, J. Tylianakis, and M. Aizen. 2015. A common framework for identifying linkage rules across different types of interactions. bioRxiv 35:1–40. PDF Bibtex DOI
  2. Poisot, T., D. Gravel, S. Leroux, S. A. Wood, M. J. J. Fortin, B. Baiser, A. R. Cirtwill, M. B. Araújo, D. B. Stouffer, M. B. Ara??jo, and D. B. Stouffer. 2015. Synthetic datasets and community tools for the rapid testing of ecological hypotheses. Ecography (Cop.). 39:402–408. PDF Bibtex DOI
  3. Mazel, F. A., J. Renaud, F. F. Guilhaumon, D. Mouillot, D. Gravel, and W. Thuiller. 2015. Mammalian phylogenetic diversity-area relationships at a continental scale. Ecology 96:150511123744006. PDF Bibtex DOI
  4. Warren, B. H., D. Simberloff, R. E. Ricklefs, R. Aguilée, F. L. Condamine, D. Gravel, H. Morlon, N. Mouquet, J. Rosindell, J. Casquet, E. Conti, J. Cornuault, J. M. Fernández-Palacios, T. Hengl, S. J. Norder, K. F. Rijsdijk, I. Sanmartín, D. Strasberg, K. A. Triantis, L. M. Valente, R. J. Whittaker, R. G. Gillespie, B. C. Emerson, and C. Thébaud. 2015. Islands as model systems in ecology and evolution: prospects fifty years after MacArthur-Wilson. Ecol. Lett. 18:200–217. PDF Bibtex DOI
  5. Lienard, J. F., D. Gravel, and N. S. Strigul. 2015. Data-intensive modeling of forest dynamics. Environ. Model. Softw. 67:138–148. PDF Bibtex DOI
  6. Moritz, C., D. Gravel, L. Savard, C. W. McKindsey, J. C. Brethes, and P. Archambault. 2015. No more detectable fishing effect on Northern Gulf of St Lawrence benthic invertebrates. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 72:2457–2466. PDF Bibtex DOI
  7. Poisot, T., A. R. Cirtwill, K. Cazelles, D. Gravel, M. J. Fortin, and D. B. Stouffer. 2015. The structure of probabilistic networks. Methods Ecol. Evol.:303–312. PDF Bibtex DOI
  8. Morales-Castilla, I., M. G. Matias, D. Gravel, and M. B. Ara??jo. 2015. Inferring biotic interactions from proxies. Trends Ecol. Evol. 30:347–356. PDF Bibtex DOI
  9. Matias, M. G., D. Gravel, M. Combe, T. Poisot, C. Barbera, M. Lounnas, T. Bouvier, and N. Mouquet. 2015. Bacteriophage richness reduces bacterial niche overlap in experimental microcosms. PeerJ 230313:1–17. Bibtex DOI


  1. Séguin, A., D. Gravel, and P. Archambault. 2014. Effect of disturbance regime on alpha and beta diversity of rock pools. Diversity 6:1–17. PDF Bibtex DOI
  2. Thuiller, W., T. Munkemuller, K. H. Schiffers, D. Georges, S. Dullinger, V. M. Eckhart, T. C. Edwards, D. Gravel, G. Kunstler, C. Merow, K. Moore, C. Piedallu, S. Vissault, N. E. Zimmermann, D. Zurell, F. M. Schurr, T. Münkemüller, K. H. Schiffers, D. Georges, S. Dullinger, V. M. Eckhart, T. C. Edwards, D. Gravel, G. Kunstler, C. Merow, K. Moore, C. Piedallu, S. Vissault, N. E. Zimmermann, D. Zurell, and F. M. Schurr. 2014. Does probability of occurrence relate to population dynamics? Ecography (Cop.). 37:1155–1166. PDF Bibtex DOI
  3. Svenning, J.-C. C., D. Gravel, R. D. Holt, F. M. Schurr, W. Thuiller, T. Münkemüller, K. H. Schiffers, S. Dullinger, T. C. Edwards, T. Hickler, S. I. Higgins, J. E. M. S. Nabel, J. Pagel, and S. Normand. 2014. The influence of interspecific interactions on species range expansion rates. Ecography (Cop.). 37:1198–1209. PDF Bibtex DOI
  4. Snell, R. S., A. Huth, J. E. M. S. Nabel, G. Bocedi, J. M. J. Travis, D. Gravel, H. Bugmann, a. G. Gutiérrez, T. Hickler, S. I. Higgins, B. Reineking, M. Scherstjanoi, N. Zurbriggen, and H. Lischke. 2014. Using dynamic vegetation models to simulate plant range shifts. Ecography (Cop.). 37:1184–1197. PDF Bibtex DOI
  5. Mazel, F., F. Guilhaumon, N. Mouquet, V. Devictor, D. Gravel, J. Renaud, M. V. Cianciaruso, R. Loyola, J. A. F. Diniz-Filho, D. Mouillot, and W. Thuiller. 2014. Multifaceted diversity-area relationships reveal global hotspots of mammalian species, trait and lineage diversity. Glob. Ecol. Biogeogr. 23:836–847. PDF Bibtex DOI
  6. Gravel, D., T. Poisot, and P. Desjardins-Proulx. 2014. Using neutral theory to reveal the contribution of meta-community processes to assembly in complex landscapes. J. Limnol. 73:61–73. PDF Bibtex DOI
  7. Séguin, A., É. Harvey, P. Archambault, C. Nozais, and D. Gravel. 2014. Body size as a predictor of species loss effect on ecosystem functioning. Nature 4:4616. PDF Bibtex DOI
  8. Poisot, T., and D. Gravel. 2014. When is an ecological network complex? Connectance drives degree distribution and emerging network properties. PeerJ 2:e251. PDF Bibtex DOI
  9. Gounand, I., N. Mouquet, E. Canard, F. Guichard, C. Hauzy, and D. Gravel. 2014. The Paradox of Enrichment in Metaecosystems. Am. Nat. 184:752–763. PDF Bibtex DOI
  10. Canard, E. F., N. Mouquet, D. Mouillot, M. Stanko, D. Miklisova, and D. Gravel. 2014. Empirical evaluation of neutral interactions in host-parasite networks. Am. Nat. 183:468–79. PDF Bibtex DOI
  11. Brousseau, P.-M., D. Gravel, and I. T. Handa. 2014. First Record In Canada of Onthophilus pluricostatus LeConte (Coleoptera: Histeridae) and a New Mention for the Rare Species Lordithon niger (Gravenhorst) (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Coleopt. Bull. 68:343–344. PDF Bibtex DOI
  12. Legagneux, P., G. Gauthier, N. Lecomte, N. M. Schmidt, D. Reid, M. C. Cadieux, D. Berteaux, J. Bêty, C. J. Krebs, R. A. Ims, N. G. Yoccoz, R. I. G. Morrison, S. J. Leroux, M. Loreau, and D. Gravel. 2014. Arctic ecosystem structure and functioning shaped by climate and herbivore body size. Nat. Clim. Chang. E2168:1–5. Bibtex DOI
  13. Gravel, D., and C. E. Principle. 2014. Assembly Models. Oxford Bibliogr.:1–22. Bibtex DOI


  1. Loreau, M., T. Daufresne, A. Gonzalez, D. Gravel, F. Guichard, S. J. Leroux, N. Loeuille, F. Massol, and N. Mouquet. 2013. Unifying sources and sinks in ecology and Earth sciences. Biol. Rev. 88:365–379. PDF Bibtex DOI
  2. Matias, M. G., D. Gravel, F. F. Guilhaumon, P. Desjardins-Proulx, M. Loreau, T. Münkemüller, N. Mouquet, T. M??nkem??ller, and N. Mouquet. 2013. Estimates of species extinctions from species-area relationships strongly depend on ecological context. Ecography (Cop.). 37:1–12. PDF Bibtex DOI
  3. Poisot, T., B. Péquin, and D. Gravel. 2013. High-Throughput Sequencing: A Roadmap Toward Community Ecology. Ecol. Evol. 3:1125–1139. PDF Bibtex DOI
  4. Harvey, E., A. Séguin, C. Nozais, P. Archambault, D. Gravel, A. Seguin, C. Nozais, P. Archambault, and D. Gravel. 2013. Identity effects dominate the impacts of multiple species extinctions on the functioning of complex food webs. Ecology 94:169–179. PDF Bibtex DOI
  5. Thuiller, W., T. Münkemüller, S. Lavergne, D. Mouillot, N. Mouquet, K. Schiffers, and D. Gravel. 2013. A road map for integrating eco-evolutionary processes into biodiversity models. Ecol. Lett. 16:94–105. PDF Bibtex DOI
  6. Poisot, T., N. Mouquet, and D. Gravel. 2013. Trophic complementarity drives the biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationship in food webs. Ecol. Lett. 16:853–861. PDF Bibtex DOI
  7. Mouquet, N., D. Gravel, F. Massol, and V. Calcagno. 2013. Extending the concept of keystone species to communities and ecosystems. Ecol. Lett. 16:1–8. PDF Bibtex DOI
  8. Albouy, C., L. Velez, M. Coll, F. Colloca, F. F. Le Loc’h, D. Mouillot, and D. Gravel. 2013. From projected species distribution to food-web structure under climate change. Glob. Chang. Biol. 20:730–741. PDF Bibtex DOI
  9. Poisot, T., R. C. P. Mounce, and D. Gravel. 2013. Moving toward a sustainable ecological science: don’t let data go to waste! Ideas Ecol. Evol. 6:11–19. PDF Bibtex DOI
  10. Moritz, C., M. Lévesque, D. Gravel, S. Vaz, D. Archambault, and P. Archambault. 2013. Modelling spatial distribution of epibenthic communities in the Gulf of St. Lawrence (Canada). J. Sea Res. 78:75–84. PDF Bibtex DOI
  11. Gravel, D., T. Poisot, C. Albouy, L. Velez, and D. Mouillot. 2013. Inferring food web structure from predator-prey body size relationships. Methods Ecol. Evol. 4:1083–1090. PDF Bibtex DOI
  12. Tobner, C. M., A. Paquette, P. B. Reich, D. Gravel, and C. Messier. 2013. Advancing biodiversity-ecosystem functioning science using high-density tree-based experiments over functional diversity gradients. Oecologia 174:609–621. PDF Bibtex DOI
  13. Desjardins-Proulx, P., E. P. White, J. J. Adamson, K. Ram, T. Poisot, and D. Gravel. 2013. The Case for Open Preprints in Biology. PLoS Biol. 11:3–7. PDF Bibtex DOI
  14. Ai, D., D. Gravel, C. Chu, and G. Wang. 2013. Spatial Structures of the Environment and of Dispersal Impact Species Distribution in Competitive Metacommunities. PLoS One 8:e68927. PDF Bibtex DOI


  1. Mouquet, N., V. Devictor, C. N. Meynard, F. Munoz, L. F. Bersier, J. Chave, P. Couteron, A. Dalecky, C. Fontaine, D. Gravel, O. J. Hardy, F. Jabot, S. Lavergne, M. Leibold, D. Mouillot, T. Münkemüller, S. Pavoine, A. Prinzing, A. S. L. Rodrigues, R. P. Rohr, E. Thébault, and W. Thuiller. 2012. Ecophylogenetics: Advances and perspectives. Biol. Rev. 87:769–785. PDF Bibtex DOI
  2. Münkemüller, T., F. de Bello, C. N. Meynard, D. Gravel, S. Lavergne, D. Mouillot, N. Mouquet, and W. Thuiller. 2012. From diversity indices to community assembly processes: a test with simulated data. Ecography (Cop.). 35:468–480. PDF Bibtex DOI
  3. Desjardins-Proulx, P., and D. Gravel. 2012. A complex speciation-richness relationship in a simple neutral model. Ecol. Evol. 2:1781–1790. PDF Bibtex DOI
  4. Poisot, T., E. Canard, D. Mouillot, N. Mouquet, and D. Gravel. 2012. The dissimilarity of species interaction networks. Ecol. Lett. 15:1353–1361. PDF Bibtex DOI
  5. Boulangeat, I., D. Gravel, and W. Thuiller. 2012. Accounting for dispersal and biotic interactions to disentangle the drivers of species distributions and their abundances. Ecol. Lett. 15:584–593. PDF Bibtex DOI
  6. Gravel, D., T. Bell, C. Barbera, M. Combe, T. Pommier, and N. Mouquet. 2012. Phylogenetic constraints on ecosystem functioning. Nat. Commun. 3:1117. PDF Bibtex DOI
  7. Canard, E., N. Mouquet, L. Marescot, K. J. Gaston, D. Gravel, and D. Mouillot. 2012. Emergence of structural patterns in neutral trophic networks. PLoS One 7:1–8. PDF Bibtex DOI
  8. Desjardins-Proulx, P., and D. Gravel. 2012. How likely is speciation in neutral ecology? Am. Nat. 179:137–44. PDF Bibtex DOI


  1. Messier, C., N. Bélanger, J. Brisson, M. J. Lechowicz, and D. Gravel. 2011. Comment on “Present-day expansion of American beech in northeastern hardwood forests: Does soil base status matter?”Appears in Can. J. For. Res. 39 : 2273–2282 (2009). Can. J. For. Res. 41:649–653. PDF Bibtex DOI
  2. Gravel, D., M. Beaudet, and C. Messier. 2011. Sapling age structure and growth series reveal a shift in recruitment dynamics of sugar maple and American beech over the last 40 years. Can. J. For. Res. 41:873–880. PDF Bibtex DOI
  3. Gravel, D., F. Massol, E. Canard, D. Mouillot, and N. Mouquet. 2011. Trophic theory of island biogeography. Ecol. Lett. 14:1010–1016. PDF Bibtex DOI
  4. Massol, F., D. Gravel, N. Mouquet, M. W. Cadotte, T. Fukami, and M. A. Leibold. 2011. Linking community and ecosystem dynamics through spatial ecology. Ecol. Lett. 14:313–323. PDF Bibtex DOI
  5. Gravel, D., F. Guichard, and M. E. Hochberg. 2011. Species coexistence in a variable world. Ecol. Lett. 14:828–839. PDF Bibtex DOI
  6. Gravel, D., T. Bell, C. Barbera, T. Bouvier, T. Pommier, P. Venail, and N. Mouquet. 2011. Experimental niche evolution alters the strength of the diversity–productivity relationship. Nature 469:89–92. PDF Bibtex DOI
  7. Gravel, D., E. Canard, F. Guichard, and N. Mouquet. 2011. Persistence increases with diversity and connectance in trophic metacommunities. PLoS One 6:e19374. PDF Bibtex DOI


  1. Gravel, D., F. Guichard, M. Loreau, and N. Mouquet. 2010. Source and sink dynamics in meta-ecosystems. Ecology 91:2172–2184. PDF Bibtex DOI
  2. Gravel, D., M. Beaudet, and C. Messier. 2010. Large-scale synchrony of gap dynamics and the distribution of understory tree species in maple-beech forests. Oecologia 162:153–161. PDF Bibtex DOI
  3. Gravel, D., C. D. Canham, M. Beaudet, and C. Messier. 2010. Shade tolerance, canopy gaps and mechanisms of coexistence of forest trees. Oikos 119:475–484. PDF Bibtex DOI
  4. Gravel, D., N. Mouquet, M. Loreau, and F. Guichard. 2010. Patch dynamics, persistence, and species coexistence in metaecosystems. Am. Nat. 176:289–302. PDF Bibtex DOI



  1. Gravel, D., M. Beaudet, and C. Messier. 2008. Partitioning the factors of spatial variation in regeneration density of shade-tolerant tree species. Ecology 89:2879–88. PDF Bibtex


  1. Beaudet, M., J. Brisson, C. Messier, and D. Gravel. 2007. Effect of a major ice storm on understory light conditions in an old-growth Acer-Fagus forest: Pattern of recovery over seven years. For. Ecol. Manage. 242:553–557. PDF Bibtex DOI
  2. Beaudet, M., J. Brisson, D. Gravel, and C. Messier. 2007. Effect of a major canopy disturbance on the coexistence of Acer saccharum and Fagus grandifolia in the understorey of an old-growth forest. J. Ecol. 95:458–467. PDF Bibtex DOI


  1. Gravel, D., C. D. Canham, M. Beaudet, and C. Messier. 2006. Reconciling niche and neutrality: The continuum hypothesis. Ecol. Lett. 9:399–409. PDF Bibtex DOI